Interpersonal violence related facial fractures:
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Keywords

Facial fracture
interpersonal violence
assault
alcohol
teeth injury

How to Cite

Mustafa, W. M., Ng, H. Y., Ngo, Y. E., Kathirvelu, A. T., Ooi, A. W. S., Jamal Din, S. K. ., & Nor Azmi, N. (2022). Interpersonal violence related facial fractures: : a 6-year survey in adult patients. Malaysian Journal of Oral Maxillofacial Surgery, 20(1), 01–08. Retrieved from https://mjoms.my/index.php/mjoms/article/view/174

Abstract

Interpersonal violence (IPV)-related facial fracture cases have shown an increasing trend. The present study aimed to determine the demographic, pattern, and associated injuries, alcohol and/or drug influence as well as treatment received in IPV-related facial fracture presenting at Hospital Kuala Lumpur (HKL) from 2010-2015. Methods: A retrospective descriptive study was used. Clinical records of cases were collected and data analyzed using SPSS software v26. Data were organized and presented with descriptive statistics, Pearson Chi-square, and Independent t-test, with a 5% level of significance. Results: A total of 191 cases were analyzed, of whom 172 (90.1%) were male. Predominance is seen in Indian ethnicity 59 (30.9%), and the 21-30 years age group 65 (34.4%). The mean age at the time of assault was 36.47±14.86 years. Mandible (54.92%), zygoma (21.59%), and orbital (11.73%) were the most common fracture sites. There is a significant association between alcohol and/or drug influence with ethnicity, and place of incident (p <0.05). Conclusions: IPV-related facial fractures represent an important cause of facial fractures in patients presenting to Hospital Kuala Lumpur and deserves more public awareness.

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